Friday, May 18, 2012

Integer encoding for Hadoop

In short, integer encoding is mechanism to compact multiple integer values into single byte array. It is well described in literature [1] and in this post we will review exemplary implementation.

Unless one wants to re-implement encoding algorithms, we will reuse Varint class from mahout-core [2].
Simplest use-case for 2 integers looks like:


Here, we declared structure of 2 integers - Tuple2I, and followed it by Encoder example that encodes and decodes integers to and from byte array.

For real-world usages of the Integer encoder, refer to Surus [3]. By wide adoption of integer encoding on 3 and 4 integer tuples, I was able to reduce Mapper output by 20-30%, and saved about 30 minutes of computation time.

[1] Data-Intensive Text Processing with MapReduce
http://www.amazon.com/Data-Intensive-Processing-MapReduce-Synthesis-Technologies/dp/1608453421

[2] Typical Maven repository
http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.apache.mahout/mahout-core/

[3] Surus
https://github.com/mushkevych/surus

1 comment:

rpyaset said...

I would move stream init code in Encoder down to constructor